According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA) Washington, D.C., from information released in February, 2006, the total value of all sales, both fish and eggs, received by trout growers in the 20 selected States totaled 74.2 million dollars during 2005, an increase of 4 percent from 2004. For the Nation, sales of fish totaled 69.1 million dollars for 2005, while egg sales totaled 5.14 million dollars. The State of Idaho accounted for 51 percent of the total value of fish sold.
The number of trout 12 inches and longer sold during 2005 totaled 55.5 million fish, up 12 percent from the previous year. The average price per pound was $1.05, up 2 cents from 2004. The value of sales for the 2005 marketing year was 62.6 million dollars, up 5 percent from 2004. Based on the dollar value, 67 percent were sold to processors and 19 percent were sold to fee and recreational fishing establishments.
Information about trout production and consumption is available online from 1995 from the National Agriculture Statistics Service.
George W. Klontz, Professor of Aquaculture, from the Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, University of Idaho, has published a Manual for Rainbow Trout Production on the Family-Owned Farm. From the introduction:
This presentation is intended for the family-owned and -operated trout farm producing 15-50 tons (30,000-100,000 lbs.) per year. The impetus for my writing this text comes from hearing genuine concerns about rainbow trout in the marketplace. Chefs, restaurateurs, and retailers have stated quite clearly and repeatedly that they expect farmed trout to be of high quality, delivered when needed, and presented in the form required. Stated another way, quality, timeliness, and portion control are the bywords of successful trout production and marketing. Notice that selling price is not among the concerns.
Geoff J. Gooley, from the Australian Rural Industries Research & Development Corporation, has published a report on trout farming in the Australian context. A summary is online, and full document is available for free download.