The Culture and Management of Scylla Species (CAMS) project was a collaboration among four institutions worldwide – the University of Wales (Bangor) in the United Kingdom, Artemia Reference Center of the University of Ghent in Belgium, Can Tho University in Vietnam, and SEAFDEC/AQD in the Philippines. The CAMS project has reported on disease control and management projects in the Philippines and Vietnam. The objective: To improve the reliability and sustainability of crab hatchery systems through the use of probiotic bacteria as an alternative to microbials in disease control. The reports from the Philippines and from the Vietnamese research are available online. From the introduction:
For 2002 and 2003, monitoring activity of problems in large-scale hatchery rearing of crab larvae was done to identify windows of opportunity for probiotic application. These led to identification of various microbial fouling and disease-causing organisms in spawned eggs and hatchery-reared larvae.
Celia R. Lavilla-Pitogo and Leobert D. de la Pena, from the Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines; published a report (December 2004) entitled Diseases in Farmed Mud Crabs Scylla spp.: Diagnosis, Prevention, and Control. From the forward:
Aquaculture production has suffered many set-backs due to the occurrence of diseases. Many of the diseases are caused by infectious organisms that are difficult to detect and need sophisticated instruments for diagnosis, but most disease occurrence and mortality in farmed aquatic animals are related to poor rearing water quality. It is, therefore, important for technicians and farmers to recognize the relationship between the animals they culture and the aquatic environment. The Government of Japan, through the Regional Fish Disease Project, funded research on diseases affecting mud crabs in order to come up with sound prevention and control methods.
This book is a collection of observations gathered from various research and commercial culture activities, and gives emphasis on disease recognition using simple techniques and gross observations of affected crabs. However, since many of the diseases are caused by microorganisms, microscopy is an important technique for their diagnosis. The authors of the book encourage active cooperation between farmers and diagnostic laboratories for disease identification, prevention, and control in order to build up more information to increase production. The Regional Fish Disease Project supports sustainable mud crab production and hopes that farmers and other users of this book will attain their production goals.
The report is located within a framed web site. Chapter 1 includes information about diseases in eggs and larvae. Chapter 2 includes information about diseases in juveniles and adults. The appendix includes documentation of various microscopy techniques. There is also a glossary.