China has a long history of aquaculture, but it is not always easy to get a sense of the scale of their inland aquaculture. The US National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) library holds information resulting from the United States – China Living Marine Resources Exchange.
China is the largest fish producer in the world. Since 1990, fish production in China has ranked first in the world, reaching around 40 million tons in 1999 and accounting for 30 percent of the world total. At present, however, the industry is also faced with some problems such as fishery resource decline, environment deterioration, labor surplus and market stagnation. Like other industries in China, the fishery sector urgently requires a strategic restructuring in order to meet the changing international trading environment and to stimulate economic growth in the sector.